Sunday, 18 August 2013

General Notes for paper-1

  • The UGC, was formally established only in November 1956 as a statutory body of the Government of India through an Act of Parliament for the coordination, determination and maintenance of standards of university education in India.
  • National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) was established by the UGC in September 1994 at Bangalore for evaluating the performance of the Universities and Colleges in the Country.
  • UGC chairman Prof.Sukhadeo Thorat conferred with Mother Teresa Lifetime achievement award 2010
  • An Inter-University Centre of UGC the INFLIBNET(information and Library network) serves towards modernization of Libraries, serves as Information Centre for transfer and access of information, supporting scholarships and learning and academic pursuits through a National Network of Libraries in around 264 Universities, Colleges and R &D Institutions across the country. 
  • Inter University Accelerator Centre was the first Inter-University Centre to be established by the UGC in 1984(formerly nuclear science centre).
  • The UGC has established 4 National Facilities Centre in the selected universities as per details given below:-

    1. Western Regional Instrumentation Centre, Mumbai
    2. M.S.T. Radar Facilities, Sri Venkateshwar University, Tirupati
    3. Inter University Centre for Humanities and Social Sciences IUCHSS, Indian Institute of Advanced Study, Shimla
    4. Crystal Growth Centre, Anna University, Madras 

    NCTE & Intel renewed the MoU on 12th Jan 2010 in a high profile event attended by all the senior officials of NCTE and Intel. Shri Hasib Ahmad Member Secretary from NCTE and Mr.Rahul Bedi  of Intel were the signatories of the MoU.


    Schedules are lists in the Constitution that categorizes and tabulates bureaucratic activity and policy of the Government.
    First Schedule (Articles 1 and 4): States and Union Territories  – This lists the states and territories on of India, lists any changes to their borders and the laws used to make that change.
    Second Schedule (Articles 59, 65, 75, 97, 125, 148, 158, 164, 186 and 221) — Emoluments for High-Level Officials  – This lists the salaries of officials holding public office, judges, and Comptroller and Auditor-General of India.
    Third Schedule (Articles 75, 99, 124, 148, 164, 188 and 219) — Forms of Oaths  – This lists the oaths of offices for elected officials and judges.
    Fourth Schedule (Articles 4 and 80)  – This details the allocation of seats in the Rajya Sabha (the upper house of Parliament) per State or Union Territory.
    Fifth Schedule (Article 244)  – This provides for the administration and control of Scheduled Areas[Note 1] and Scheduled Tribes[Note 2] (areas and tribes needing special protection due to disadvantageous conditions).
    Sixth Schedule (Articles 244 and 275) — Provisions for the administration of tribal areas in Assam.
    Seventh Schedule (Article 246) — The union (central government), state, and concurrent lists of responsibilities.
    Eighth Schedule (Articles 344 and 351) — The official languages.
    Ninth Schedule (Article 31-B) – This covers land and tenure reforms; the accession of Sikkim with India. It may be reviewed by the courts.
    Tenth Schedule (Articles 102 and 191) — “Anti-defection” provisions for Members of Parliament and Members of the State Legislatures.
    Eleventh Schedule (Article 243-G) — Panchayat Raj (rural development).
    Twelfth Schedule (Article 243-W) — Municipalities (urban planning).


A careful,systematic,patient study and investigation in some field of knowledge,undertaken to establish facts or principles is called research.

The purpose of APPLIED research is to solve an immediate,practical problem.
Basic Research(pure) adds to the existing body of knowledge;doesn't necessarily provide results of immediate,practical use.


Descriptive Research describes,interprets and clarifies a situation or a problem.e.g types of services provided by an organization,how a child feels living in a home with domestic violence.

Correlational Research is to discover or establish the existence of a relationship/interdependence/association between two or more aspects of a situation e.g what is the impact of advertising campaign on the sale of the product?

Explanatory research attempts to clarify why and how there is arelationship between between two aspects of a situation or phenomenon.e.g why stressful living results in heart attacks.

Exploratory research is usually carried out when researcher wants to explore areas about which he has little or no knowledge.

Qualitative research purpose is to describe a situation,phenomenon,problem or event e.g. an account of different opinions people have about an issue.

Quantitative research  is if you want to quantify the variation in the phenomenon and analysis is done to ascertain the magnitude of variation.e.g. how many people have a particular problem?How many people hold a particular attitude?


Read about sampling-

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